Various people in the world experience strange noises like ringing, swishing and other trouble some noise in the ear or head. The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) describes that around 12 percent of men in the age group of 65 to 74 years of age have been identified with tinnitus in the U.S. Though tinnitus cannot be considered as a serious problem, yet it is a sort of nuisance. Twelve million Americans have been identified with tinnitus and one million persons are affected so severely with it that it affects their daily activities.
Tinnitus is an outcome of four sections of the hearing system i.e. the outer ear, the inner ear, the middle ear and the brain. Some tinnitus like “head noise” is a normal phenomenon. Some other common tinnitus includes sound of crickets or roaring, hissing, whistling, buzzing and high-pitched ringing. Other type of tinnitus includes clicking or pulsatile tinnitus that is the noise, which is accompanied by heartbeat. The most common type of tinnitus is subjective tinnitus, in which the ringing and buzzing can’t be heard by others. But through objective tinnitus a doctor can sometimes listen to the sound, if listen with attentiveness.
Tinnitus can’t be described, as a disease but is a reflection of something that is going on in the hearing system or brain. There are a variety of reasons for tinnitus. Like due to age, or if a person undergoes trauma in life owing to loud noise exposure, drugs or chemicals, the portion of the ear like cochlea becomes damaged and a person thus suffers from tinnitus. Tinnitus could also be the outcome of excess wax or some sort of infection in the ear. A majority of people don’t pay heed to how much damage is being done to their hearing when they are exposed to excessive loud noise, from firearms, high intensity music or through other sources. Over use of aspirin and other antibiotic drugs also relate to the cause of tinnitus. During its severity tinnitus can interfere with concentration, sleep and daily activities. Its treatment relies on the root cause. But this condition has no cure. Changing the drug or through removal of earwax its symptoms may diminish. According to Charles Beatty, M.D., a Mayo Clinic specialist says, “The frustrating thing about tinnitus is it has no universal successful treatments. The problem of tinnitus is also not so grave it can be controlled through various ways and means. Some of its treatment strategies, which could be beneficial could include:
1. Refraining from excessive noise. Use of earplugs could also be helpful.
2. Avoid the use of caffeine, decongestants and nicotine.
3. Increase the intensity of the hearing through hearing aid.
4. Turning on music or any other background noise, which can distract the brain from the internal noise.
5. Behavioral therapy and other relaxation techniques can also help people to cope with tinnitus easily.
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